(ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF MAURITANIA)

(WIPO code: MR) (latest review July 2021)

by CABINET ISIS CONSEILS, Mandataire OAPI, Yaoundé, Cameroon

General Information

Area

1,025,520 sq. km.

Population

4,079,284 (estimated July 2021).

Capital

Nouakchott.

Official languages

Arabic, French.

Currency

Ougiya.

Main agricultural and natural products

Grains, rice, fishing, farming.

Main Mineral Products

Iron, copper, diamond.

Exports

Iron, copper, fish.

GNI

(per capita): U.S.$ 1,640 (estimated 2020).

General Remarks

A former French colony, part of French West Africa, Mauritania obtained its internal administrative autonomy and became a member of the French Community in 1958, and later achieved its full independence on November 28, 1960.

The people of Mauritania are mainly nomadic. There are large reserves of iron ore at Fort-Gouraud and copper deposits at Bakel Akjoujt. Iron ore is being exploited by an international company, the Société des Mines de Fer de Mauritanie, with the aid of a loan from  the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD).