– Copyright Ordinance, 1962 (Act No. XXXIV), adopted on June 2, 1962, as amended.
– Copyright Rules, 1967, as amended.

Membership in International Conventions

– Universal Copyright Convention.
– Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works.
– WTO's TRIPS Agreement, since January 1, 1995.
– Marrakesh Treaty, as of June 12, 2024.


Registration is not required for owners of an original work. Copyright protection is automatic and free from the moment a work is created. However, registration is possible and establishes prima facie evidence in court of the validity of the copyright and of the facts stated in the certificate.  

Duration: during the lifetime of the author, plus 50 years after his death. In the case of a joint work prepared by two or more authors who did not work for hire, the term lasts for 50 years after the last surviving author’s death. For works made for hire, and for anonymous and pseudonymous works the duration of copyright will be 50 years from publication.


Authority name: Copyright Office, Intellectual Property Organization of Pakistan (IPO-Pakistan).  Internet address: https://ipo.gov.pk

Collective Management Organization: COMP (http://compakistan.com).