(WIPO code: SA) (last revised May 2021)

by ABU-GHAZALEH INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

General Information

Area

2,240,000 sq. km.

Population

34,173,498 (estimated July 2020).

Capital

Riyadh.

Languages

Arabic is the only language, with the exception of oil production areas and main commercial areas where English is also used.

Currency

Riyal.

Calendar

The Hegira calendar is used. It is based on lunar changes. The year consists of twelve months and it is approximately thirteen days shorter than the Gregorian calendar year.

General Remarks

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is now one of the richest countries in the world and is experiencing a phenomenal rate of development. Petroleum and natural gas are Saudi Arabia’s primary resources totaling 18% of the world’s proven petroleum reserves. Production of petroleum can reach more than ten million barrels daily.

The main mineral resources are copper, iron ore, phosphate, magnesite, salt deposits, zinc, chromium and thorium.

Other major industries include major hydrocarbon processing installations, cement, prefabricated buildings and building materials, chemicals, chemical fertilizers, textiles, food processing and beverages, glass, and vehicle assembly plants.