Since 1924



(WIPO code: ID)
(latest review March 2024)
by ChapterOne-IP, Jakarta


Indonesia is the largest economy in Southeast Asia, the largest archipelago in the world comprising 17,508 islands stretching along 5,150 kilometers from East to West, 1,760 kilometers from North to South, and has three time zones. The islands cover a land area of around 2 million square kilometers and territorial waters nearly four times that size, making it the third largest country in Asia after China and India.


277,329,163 (estimated 2022), very unevenly distributed with approximately 58% concentrated on the islands of Java.


Jakarta, with over 11 million inhabitants.


Rupiah (Rp / IDR).


Bahasa Indonesia (official), English, local dialects (the most widely spoken of which is Javanese).


Main religions are Islam (moderate, around 80%), Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism.

Chief crops

Rice, cassava (tapioca), corn, rubber, copra, cocoa, peanuts, coffee, tea, tobacco, sugarcane, coconut and palm oil.


Nickel, tin, oil, bauxite, copper, coal, manganese, gold, silver and gas.


Petroleum and natural gas, textiles, automotive, electrical appliances, apparel, footwear, mining, cement, medical instruments and appliances, handicrafts, chemical fertilizers, plywood, rubber, processed food, jewelry, and tourism.

Manufacturing industry: the manufacturing industry sector in Indonesia, which contributes approximately 47.1% of the gross domestic product (GDP), is growing rapidly (real growth rate: 6.4% (estimated 2012)). Production of consumer goods is dominant, mainly consisting of the manufacture of food and beverages, tobacco products, pharmaceutical products, electronics, rubber tires, textiles, clothing and shoes, mostly by private enterprises. To meet domestic needs, Indonesian plants assemble various types of automobiles, trucks, buses and motorcycles under license from foreign manufacturers. Also produced are electronic equipment and electrical appliances. However, in recent years there has been significant growth in the production of cement, chemical fertilizers, petrochemicals and basic metal products, mostly produced by State-owned industrial enterprises, either by themselves or in joint venture with foreign companies. In addition, rapid development is also apparent in metal products, wood manufacturing, furniture and pulp/paper as well as painting industries. Various domestically produced industrial goods are now even exported, such as fertilizer, cement, textiles and wood products.

Other resources: rubber, timber, poultry. Salt is available in large quantities from shallow enclosed seashore lagoons. Arable land: 13%. Labor force by occupation: 32% agriculture; 12% industry; 47% services.

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