(WIPO code: LT) (last revised March 2023)

by Ms Irina Urbonė, Director of the State Patent Bureau of the Republic of Lithuania, Vilnius and KATZAROV SA, Geneva, Switzerland

General Information


65,300 sq. km.


2,655,755 (estimated 2023).




Lithuanian (official).


Euro (EUR).

General Remarks

Lithuania is a part of the geopolitical region known as the Baltic States, extending along the east coast of the Baltic Sea. Located in the center of Europe, Lithuania is situated at one of the largest crossroads of the continent.

The origins of the Lithuanian State go back to the late 12th century. Lithuania was made subject by Russia at the beginning of the 19th century. After World War I, Lithuania proclaimed independence in 1918. In 1940, it was incorporated into the USSR. The Lithuanian Nation resisted the violence and political assimilation of the Soviet regime and in March 1990 proclaimed the re-establishment of independence.

The Republic of Lithuania is an independent democratic State. State power is represented by the Seimas (Parliament), the President of the Republic, the government and the court. The dominant religion is the Catholic faith. Lithuania has got intensive agriculture and a highly developed industry. The main industries are machinery, shipbuilding, food, woodwork, building materials, chemical, electrical, and electronic technologies. Electricity production is important. Lovely landscape and a comparatively mild climate create good conditions for relaxation and tourism.

Lithuania is a member State of the European Union since May 1, 2004. On January 1, 2015, Lithuania joined the Eurozone by adopting the euro.