(WIPO code: NO) (last revised December 2022)

by Mr. Jens Fr. C. Langfeldt, LANGFELDT IPR, Oslo and KATZAROV SA, Geneva, Switzerland

General Information


385,178 sq. km, including Svalbard and Jan Mayen.


5,475,240 (end of September 2022).


Oslo with 707,531 inhabitants (end of September 2022).




NOK (kroner).

General Remarks

The country is long and narrow; the length of the mainland coastline (including fjords, bays and 239,057 islands) is approx. 100,915 km, and the largest and smallest width of the country is 432 and 6.3 km, respectively.

Other Norwegian possessions are the Antarctic territories of Bouvet Island, Peter I’s Island and Queen Maud Land (total area approx. 2,700,205 sq. km).

The country is thinly populated; average population density is 14.2 inhabitants per sq. km. Of the total area, 70.9% is non-productive land (mainly mountains), 22.8% is covered with forests, and only the remaining 3.3% is fertile, agricultural land.

Norwegian industry has traditionally been based on the country's national resources: ore, fish, forests, and abundant resources of hydroelectric power, used as the basis for electro-chemical and electro-metallurgical industry. Until 2015, the production of oil and gas has exceeded agriculture, forestry and fishing in importance in terms of the national product. Currently, oil and gas investments in the North Sea are on a lower level than before, which has since 2016 affected suppliers to North Sea activities. However, new regions for exploitation are planned, in particular in northern regions, although the "green wave" considerations are of concern to the newly elected government and parliament. Norway is the 2nd largest supplier of gas to the EU, and a new electric power cable at end of 2021 extends between Norway and England.

Further updated statistical information on Norwegian economy, population, etc., can be obtained from the Norwegian Central Office of Statistics (Internet address: www.ssb.no).

Norway is not a member of the European Union, but is related thereto via EFTA and EEA (European Economic Agreement).


Statistics (2021) – Patents
Patents filed:  (from Norwegians: 899 ; from abroad: 123) 1,580
       PCT national filings (NO applicants: 49 ; Foreign applicants: 509)  
EP validated patents 6,930
Final decisions 1,655
Applications abandoned or withdrawn 1,101
Applications rejected 4
Patents granted 650
Patents in force (both NO patents and EP validated patents) 48,402
PCT applications filed by NO applicants (50% thereof having priority from Norwegian applications) 700

Remarks: first filed applications normally receive a first Office action within 7 months and a final decision within 2.6 years. Average processing time for other applications 4 – 8 years.


Statistics (2021) – Trademarks
Trademarks filed:  (from Norwegians: 3,910 ; from abroad: 3,219) 18,142
     Other (IR via Madrid Protocol) 11,013
Final decisions 18,116
Granted registrations 15,544
Abandoned or withdrawn 2,372
Rejections 200
Trademarks in force 236,535
Trademarks renewed 12,525

Remarks: average processing time is 4.5 months until first Office action and 7.1 months until registration. However, in some cases longer time may apply.


Statistics (2021) – Designs
Designs filed:  (from Norwegians: 211 ; from abroad: 209) 1,292
    Hague Agreement (from abroad) 835
    Hague Agreement (from NO) 375
Final decisions 1,285
Granted registrations 1,223
Abandoned or withdrawn 61
Rejections 1
Designs in force 11,728
Designs renewed 1,378

Remarks: note that some design applications and registrations often contain more than one design (joint registration). Average processing time is 4.7 months. 

Remarks on Appeals: the Board of Appeals (KFIR) is not part of the Norwegian Patent Office. Oral hearings can be requested, if desirable. KFIR decisions in 2020: Patents: 22 (15 Patent Office decisions maintained, 6 NO-PTO decisions fully or partly revoked, and 1 appeal withdrawn); Trademarks: 107 (77 NO-PTO decisions maintained, 21 NO-PTO decisions fully or partly revoked, and 9 withdrawn or rejected by KFIR), and Designs: 0. In general, appeals are seldomly filed on cases of designs and plant varieties. KFIR decisions may be appealed in succession to the Oslo District Court, the Borgarting High Court, and the Norwegian Supreme Court to be ruled upon the court in question.

Further details on patents, trademarks and designs statistics in Norway are available from the Internet site of the Norwegian Patent Office: www.patentstyret.no or from WIPO: www.wipo.int/ipstats/en