(WIPO code: PL) (last revised December 2020)

by POLSERVICE, Warsaw – A. Stopinska-Slefarska and A. Slominska-Dziubek, Patent Attorneys

General Information


312,623 sq. km.


38,383,000 (estimated December 2019).


Warsaw, with about 1.8 million inhabitants.




Zlotys (PLN).

Principal imports

Machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods and articles, chemicals and mineral fuels.

Principal exports

Machinery and transport equipment, miscellaneous manufactured articles, food and live animals.

General Remarks

About 35% of the population is engaged in agriculture. The chief crops are: rye, wheat, barley, rapeseed, oats, potatoes, sugar beet, tobacco and flax.

There are important textile, chemical, woodwork and metal industries. Poland also produces automobiles, tractors, heavy machinery, ships and aircrafts.

Poland possesses great mineral wealth, particularly coal, but also iron, lignite, copper, natural gas, lead, sulphur and zinc.

Member of the European Union as of May 1, 2004.


Statistics (2019) Filed Issued
Patents and utility models 4,849 2,947
total valid patents and utility models on 31.12.2019   21,959
Validation of European patents 14,256
total valid EU patents on 31.12.2019   73,638
Trademarks 17,009 13,666
under Madrid Agreement 2,781 2,966
total valid trademarks on 31.12.2019    
under national procedure   150,934
under international procedure   81,462
Industrial designs 1,054 975
total valid industrial designs on 31.12.2019   8,368
Topographies of integrated circuits 9 9
total valid topographies on 31.12.2019   47
Geographical indications 1 0