(WIPO code: PL) (last revised February 2023)

by POLSERVICE, Warsaw – A. Stopinska-Slefarska and W. Marciniak, Patent Attorneys

General Information


312,696 sq. km.


39,179,800 (estimated March 2021).


Warsaw, with about 1.8 million inhabitants.




Zlotys (PLN).

Principal imports

Machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods and articles, chemicals and mineral fuels.

Principal exports

Machinery and transport equipment, miscellaneous manufactured articles, food and live animals.

General Remarks

About 12% of the population is engaged in agriculture. The chief crops are: rye, wheat, barley, rapeseed, oats, potatoes, sugar beet, tobacco and flax.

There are important textile, chemical, woodwork and metal industries. Poland also produces automobiles, tractors, heavy machinery, ships and aircrafts.

Poland possesses great mineral wealth, particularly coal, but also iron, lignite, copper, natural gas, lead, sulphur and zinc.

Member of the European Union as of May 1, 2004.


Statistics (2021) Filed Issued
Patents and utility models 4,199 3,856
total valid patents and utility models on 31.12.2021   19,727
Validation of European patents 11,888
total valid EU patents on 31.12.2021   93,364
Trademarks 15,506 14,794
under Madrid Agreement 2,070 1,962
total valid trademarks on 31.12.2021    
under national procedure   170,675
under international procedure   77,628
Industrial designs 1,174 1,009
total valid industrial designs on 31.12.2021   8,655
Topographies of integrated circuits 22 13
total valid topographies on 31.12.2021   63
Geographical indications 0 0