Utility Models

Definition: utility models are defined as “the form, configuration or disposition of the elements of an artifact, tool, instrument, mechanism or other object or part of same, that allow an improved or different functioning, use or fabrication of the object or that gives it some use, advantage or technical effect that it did not have before”, and may also be protected by means of patents. Utility models may be patented if they are novel and industrially useful. However, utility models will not be patented if they merely consist of minor or secondary differences that do not provide an improvement or an advantage in respect to existing utility models or patents.

Non-patentable utility models: substances and compositions.

Filing requirements for an application: same as for “Patents“.

Duration: utility models are issued for ten years.

Annuities: must be paid.

Working: not required.

All other provisions relative to patents of invention are applicable to utility models and patents of utility models.