Appellations of Origin
– Industrial Property Law of June 27, 1991.
– Amendments of August 2, 1994, October 25, 1996, December 26, 1997, May 17, 1999, January 26, 2004, June 16, 2005, January 25, 2006, May 6, 2009, January 6, 2010, June 18, 2010, June 28, 2010, January 27, 2012, April 9, 2012, June 1, 2016, April 27, 2018, and August 10, 2018.
– Regulation of the Industrial Property Law of November 23, 1994.
– Amendments of September 10, 2002, September 19, 2003, January 6, 2010, June 18, 2010, June 10, 2011, and December 12, 2016.
– Federal Law for the Protection of Industrial Property, in force since November 5, 2020.
Membership in International Conventions
– Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, Stockholm Act.
– Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), since June 14, 1975.
– WTO’s TRIPS Agreement, since January 1, 1995.
– The Hague Convention Abolishing the Requirement of Legalization for Foreign Public Documents (Apostille), since August 14, 1995.
– Lisbon Agreement for the Protection of Appellations of Origin and their International Registration, Stockholm Act, since January 26, 2001.
Definition: an appellation of origin is the product associated to a geographical region from which the product is originated provided the quality, characteristics or reputation of the product are due exclusively or essentially to the geographical origin of the raw materials, the production processes, as well as the natural and cultural factors that influence said product.
Publication: the Mexican Institute of Industrial Property carries out the appellation of origin declaration by publishing it on the Federation's Official Gazette, with said Institute being the holder of the corresponding declaration and entitled to authorize the use.
Registration: the Mexican Institute of Industrial Property will process the registration of the appellations of origin that have been declared in order to obtain their worldwide recognition, according to the international treaties in this matter.
Authorization for use: the Mexican Institute of Industrial Property will authorize the use of the appellation of origin to individuals or companies that are devoted directly to the extraction, production or elaboration of the products protected by the appellation of origin and which carry out their activities within the relevant territory, as well as to those entities which comply with the official standards regarding the products in reference.
Validity: the authorization has a validity of ten years counted from the date of the authorization request, and can be renewed for the subsequent periods of same duration..
Products declared as denomination of origin: Tequila (1977), Mezcal [Mescaline] (1994), Olinalá (1994), Talavera (1977), Bacanora (2000), Café Veracruz (Coffee) (2000), Ambar de Chiapas [Chiapas Amber] (2000), Sotol (2002), Charanda (2003), Mango Ataulfo del Soconusco Chiapas (2003), Café Chiapas (2003), Vainilla de Papantla (2005), Chile Habanero de la Peninsula de Yucatán (2011), Arroz del Estado de Morelos (2012), Cacao de Grijalva (2016), Chile de Yahualica (2018), Raicilla (2019), and Café "Pluma" (2020).
Recognition of foreign appellations of origin: the Mexican Institute of Industrial Property will recognize the appellations of origin protected abroad under the scope of International Treaties and the Mexican Law. If approved, the Mexican Institute of Industrial Property will publish the official recognition in the Federation's Official Gazette.