(WIPO code: US) (last revised March 2022)

by BACHMAN & LaPOINTE, P.C., New Haven, Connecticut

General Information


9,629,091 sq. km.


331,893,745 (estimated July 2021).


Washington, D.C., with 670,050 inhabitants (estimated July 2021).


English (with sizeable Spanish speaking minority).


U.S. dollar (USD) ($1 = 100 cents).

Main trading partners

Canada, Mexico, People's Republic of China, Japan, Germany, Republic of Korea, and U.K.

General Remarks

The United States is one of the largest countries in the world in both population and area, and is located in the center of North America. There are fifty state governments in addition to the Federal Government. The intellectual property laws of the U.S. are now over 200 years old, with the first patent and copyright acts enacted in 1790, and are effective in the United States proper and Puerto Rico, Guam, U.S. Virgin Islands and American Samoa.


  Applications filed Issued
Patents (FY 2021)    
Utility patents: Total 593,204 338,335
Utility patents: U.S. n.a. 170,059
Utility patents: Foreign n.a. 198,730
Design patents 54,201 33,914
Plant patents 964 1,256
Trademarks (FY 2021)    
Registrations 732,007 337,814
Renewals 83,716 65,063