(WIPO code: KI) (last revised February 2022)

by PHILLIPS ORMONDE FITZPATRICK – Patent & Trade Mark Attorneys, Melbourne, Australia

General Information


811 sq. km.


113,001 (estimated July 2021).


Bairiki, on theTarawa Atoll.


English (official), Kiribati.


Australian dollar (AUD); 1 dollar = 0.71 U.S. dollar (December 2021).

General Remarks

Kiribati was formerly the Gilbert Islands which, together with the Ellice Islands, formed a colony of the United Kingdom. The Ellice Islands, renamed Tuvalu, separated from the colony in 1975, and the two territories were separately administered as of January 1, 1976. Tuvalu became independent in 1978. The Gilbert Islands, renamed Kiribati, became independent in 1979. Kiribati has few natural resources and tourism provides only about one fifth of GDP, the remaining coming via aid, agriculture, fishing licenses and seafarer remittances. Kiribati is facing increasing risk from rising sea levels.

The Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Cooperatives (MCIC) has developed the National Intellectual Property Strategy (NIPS) to implement several measures from April 2017 to December 2023 with the aim to modernize the intellectual property system in Kiribati. Currently, the MCIC has led to the revision of the Copyright Act 2018 and the enactment of the Trade Marks Act 2019.