(Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China)

(WIPO code: HK) (last revised January 2023)


General Information


1,113.76 sq. km.


7,291,600 (mid-2022).

Official Languages

Chinese and English.


Hong Kong dollar.

General Remarks

Economic conditions

The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is an industrial, financial and distribution center in the Far East. Its major exports are articles of apparel, clothing accessories, textile fabric, toys and dolls, watches and clocks, electronic components and parts for computers and household type electrical and non-electrical equipment. 

Weakened global demand and continued cross-boundary transportation disruptions due to the COVID-19 pandemic have slowed down Hong Kong's economic performance in 2022. Economic recovery is predicted to be slow in 2023 amid decline in population and volatility of external conditions.

Political conditions

On July 1, 2017, the National Development and Reform Commission of China, the People's Government of Guangdong Province, the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Government of the Macao Special Administrative Region signed the Framework Agreement on Deepening Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Cooperation in the Development of the Greater Bay Area ("the Agreement"). And immediately after the signing of the agreement, the development of the Greater Bay Area ("GBA") was officially launched. The GBA comprises of the two Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macao and nine municipalities in Guangdong province. This region covers an area of around 56,000 sq. km. In 2019 the total population of this region came to 72 million with a total GDP of US$ 1.7 trillion and per capital GDP of US$ 23,371. The GBA project is one of the key strategic initiatives adopted by the Chinese government with a view to linking and reinforcing the roles of Hong Kong, Macao and the nine municipalities in Guangdong, and transforming this region to be a first-class bay area and world-class city cluster ideally for living, working and travelling.

The National Security Law came in force on June 30, 2020. Recent court cases will certainly bring precedents and guidelines on how the law is being interpreted and implemented in Hong Kong.


Statistics (as at October 31, 2022)  
Standard patents granted (R) 9,768
Standard patents granted (OGP) 28
Short-term patents granted 458
Designs registered 2,766
Trademarks registered 26,022

Total number of registered trademarks on the Register on October 31, 2022: 487,980.