(WIPO code: ID) (last revised July 2022)

by ChapterOne-IP, Jakarta

General Information


Indonesia is the largest economy in Southeast Asia, the largest archipelago in the world comprising 17,508 islands stretching along 5,150 kilometers from East to West, 1,760 kilometers from North to South, and has three time zones. The islands cover a land area of around 2 million square kilometers and territorial waters nearly four times that size, making it the third largest country in Asia after China and India.


277,329,163 (estimated 2022), very unevenly distributed with approximately 58% concentrated on the islands of Java.


Main religions are Islam (moderate, around 80%), Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism.


Jakarta, with over 11 million inhabitants.


Bahasa Indonesia (official), English, local dialects (the most widely spoken of which is Javanese).


Rupiah (Rp / IDR).

Chief crops

Rice, cassava (tapioca), corn, rubber, copra, cocoa, peanuts, coffee, tea, tobacco, sugarcane, coconut and palm oil.


Nickel, tin, oil, bauxite, copper, coal, manganese, gold, silver and gas.


Petroleum and natural gas, textiles, automotive, electrical appliances, apparel, footwear, mining, cement, medical instruments and appliances, handicrafts, chemical fertilizers, plywood, rubber, processed food, jewelry, and tourism.

General Remarks

Manufacturing industry: the manufacturing industry sector in Indonesia, which contributes approximately 47.1% of the gross domestic product (GDP), is growing rapidly (real growth rate: 6.4% (estimated 2012)). Production of consumer goods is dominant, mainly consisting of the manufacture of food and beverages, tobacco products, pharmaceutical products, electronics, rubber tires, textiles, clothing and shoes, mostly by private enterprises. To meet domestic needs, Indonesian plants assemble various types of automobiles, trucks, buses and motorcycles under license from foreign manufacturers. Also produced are electronic equipment and electrical appliances. However, in recent years there has been significant growth in the production of cement, chemical fertilizers, petrochemicals and basic metal products, mostly produced by State-owned industrial enterprises, either by themselves or in joint venture with foreign companies. In addition, rapid development is also apparent in metal products, wood manufacturing, furniture and pulp/paper as well as painting industries. Various domestically produced industrial goods are now even exported, such as fertilizer, cement, textiles and wood products.

Other resources: rubber, timber, poultry. Salt is available in large quantities from shallow enclosed seashore lagoons. Arable land: 13%. Labor force by occupation: 32% agriculture; 12% industry; 47% services.

General Aspect of Industrial Property Protection

Indonesia is implementing its economic development by emphasizing industrialization and the marketing of industrial products, among others by attracting foreign and domestic capital investment. Trade has also greatly expanded, flooding the market with domestically manufactured as well as imported goods. For this purpose, a National Team for the Negotiation on International Trade (Tim Nasional untuk Perundingan Perdagangan Internasional/PPI) has been established based on the Ministerial Decree of the Ministry of Trade of the Republic of Indonesia in which the Minister of Trade acting as the Chairman of the National Team for the Negotiation of International Trade No. 49/M-DAG/KEP/3/2006 concerning the Establishment of Negotiation Group on International Trade and Secretariat of National Team for the Negotiation of International Trade dated March 13, 2006 (Attachment No: 23/S.KH.KO/III/2006 on March 27, 2006) to discuss and solve problems related to multilateral, regional, and bilateral trade issues. In addition, the National Team for the Prevention of IPR Infringement (Tim Nasional Penanggulangan Pelanggaran HKI) was also established on March 27, 2006 and Chaired by the Ministry of Coordinator in the fields of Politics and Security (Menteri Koordinator Bidang Politik dan Keamanan/Menko Bidang Polkam). The aim of this National Team is to coordinate the prevention of IPR infringement in Indonesia and to solve various problems raised during the implementation of IP Laws and Regulations.

Since September 10, 2004, Indonesia has ratified the WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (WPPT) by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 74 of 2004 regarding the Legalization/Ratification of WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty/WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty of 1996. Further, the 2006 Special 301 Report states that several countries in Asia, including Indonesia, have made significant progress on IPR issues in the past years. Indonesia has also made progress in combating optical disc piracy in retail shops, and has begun to increase the number of raids against pirate optical media production plants, seizures of pirated goods and manufacturing equipment, and arrest of IPR infringers.