(WIPO code: IQ) (last revised September 2023)

by JAH Intellectual Property, Doha, Qatar

General Information


453,000 sq. km.


41,266,109 (2023).



Official Languages

Arabic and Kurdish (both official).


Iraqi dinar.


The most important exported material is oil and its derivatives, followed by dates, sulphur, cotton, sheep, etc.


The agricultural area is estimated as being 60% of the total area of the Republic of Iraq and is gradually being increased through the efforts of the national authorities. Wheat, barley, rice, millet and cotton are the chief crops, with tobacco in the northern hills. Dates are grown in most parts of Iraq, but mainly in the region of Shatt el Arab and beyond (southern part of Iraq); there are about 451 kinds of dates.

The main industrial products are: cement, plant oil, cigarettes, sugar, agricultural machines and medicines. The most important industrial activity is the production of oil. The main minerals are: oil, coal, iron, lead, sulphur, chrome, phosphate, copper and manganese. The minerals, which are actually used and processed, are oil and sulphur.

General Remarks

The country consists mainly of an alluvial plain. In summer, the climate is hot with no rainfall, in winter it is cold with heavy rains; in autumn and spring the climate is mild with cold nights and little rain.

Iraq was the first country in the world in producing dates. There are more than 40 million palm trees in the various parts of it.

The Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) issued on April 26, 2004, Order No. 81 amending the Patents and Industrial Designs Law and Regulations No. 65 of 1970, as well as Order No. 80 amending the Trademarks and Descriptions Law No. 21 of 1957, which was renamed the Trademarks and Geographical Indications Law in 2004.