(WIPO code: BG) (latest review May 2022)

by INTERIUS, Attorneys-at-Law & Patent and Trademark Attorneys, Sofia and KATZAROV SA, Geneva, Switzerland

General Information


111,000 sq. km.


7,000,039 (census 2018).


Sofia, with 1,241,675 inhabitants in City area (census 2018).



General Remarks

Until the end of 1989, the People’s Republic of Bulgaria was a country with a planned economy based on socialist (Marxist-Leninist) organization.

Bulgaria’s foreign trade was a state monopoly with foreign trade organizations being entrusted with the trade of specific commodities. Since 1990, dramatic political changes have taken place in Bulgaria. Both the political and economic structures are evolving towards more liberalization.

Economy: Industries: chemicals, machinery, metals, textiles, fur, leather goods, processed food. Chief crops: grains, fruit, oilseeds, tobacco. Minerals: lead, bauxite, coal, copper, zinc. Arable land: 34%.

Member of the European Union as of January 1, 2007.


Statistics (2018) Filed
Patents 198
Utility models 270
Industrial designs 144 
Trade and service marks  
(national) 3,784
(through the Madrid Agreement/Protocol) 1,499