(WIPO code: BG) (last revised January 2024)

by INTERIUS, Attorneys-at-Law & Patent and Trademark Attorneys, Sofia and KATZAROV SA, Geneva, Switzerland

General Information


111,000 sq. km.


6,827,736 (2023).


Sofia, with 1.288 million inhabitants (2023).



General Remarks

Until the end of 1989, the Republic of Bulgaria was a country with a planned economy based on socialist (Marxist-Leninist) organization.

Bulgaria’s foreign trade was a state monopoly with foreign trade organizations being entrusted with the trade of specific commodities. Since 1990, dramatic political changes have taken place in Bulgaria. Both the political and economic structures are evolving towards more liberalization.

Economy: Industries: chemicals, machinery, metals, textiles, fur, leather goods, processed food. Chief crops: grains, fruit, oilseeds, tobacco. Minerals: lead, bauxite, coal, copper, zinc. Arable land: 34%.

Member of the European Union as of January 1, 2007.