(WIPO code: IT) (last revised April 2021)

by JACOBACCI & PARTNERS, Patent Agents – Torino, Milano, Roma, Padova, Bergamo, Brescia

General Information


302,073 sq. km.


62.4 million (estimated July 2020).


Rome, with about 4 million inhabitants.




Euro (EUR).


(2015): 368,715 million euros.


(2015): 413,881 million euros.

Principal imports

(2015) (in million euros): vehicles: 39,073; oil products: 7,328; chemical products: 57,215; iron and laminated steel: 34,600; precision mechanical products: 23,580; plastics: 9,402; meat: 5,968.

Principal exports

(2015) (in million euros): vehicles: 45,137; electrical machines: 35,355; plastic articles: 10,939; textiles and clothing articles: 28,915; footwear and leather: 19,109; jewels: 6,542.

Most important agricultural and industrial products

Wheat, maize, rye, barley, oats, rice, fruit, chestnuts, dried fruit, vegetables, olive oil, flowers, eggs, cheese, wine, spirits, macaroni, tomato sauce, hemp, silk, artificial fibers, stockings, felt and straw hats, alabaster, marble, quicksilver, aluminium, natural gas, methane gas, iron, manganese, lead, zinc, tin, magnesium, sulphur, iodine, kaolin, motorcycles, bicycles, motorcars, load carrying vehicles and other land vehicles, ships, aircraft, agricultural machines, typewriters and calculating machines, data processing apparatuses and systems, telecommunication systems, cement, glass, sulphuric acid, nitric acid, hydrochloric acid, citric acid, sodium borate, dyes, rubber articles, buttons, petrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, biomedical products.

General Remarks

Italy has rapidly changed from a pre-eminently agricultural country to an industrialized one. Of the entire area, 92% is productive, the remaining 8% being the unproductive regions, mainly in the higher mountains.

The production of machines is steadily growing. Particular attention is being paid to attaining higher productivity in industry.