(WIPO code: ES) (last revised January 2024)

by ELZABURU, Madrid

General Information


505,370 sq. km.


48,446,594 inhabitants (2023).


Madrid (6.750 million inhabitants in the whole Autonomous Community of Madrid).




euro (EUR).


(2022): U.S.$ 853.3 billion.


(2022): U.S.$ 726 billion.


(2023): U.S.$ 1.5 trillion; per capita income (2023): U.S.$ 33,090.

General Remarks


47 peninsular provinces, Balearic Islands (1 province), Canary Islands (2 provinces); these provinces are grouped into the so-called “Autonomous Communities” of Andalucía, Aragón, Asturias, Baleares, Canarias, Cantabria, Castilla-León, Castilla-La Mancha, Cataluña, Extremadura, Galicia, Madrid, Murcia, Navarra, La Rioja, Comunidad Valenciana and Pais Vasco. The cities of Ceuta and Melilla, on the north coast of Africa, also form part of the Spanish territory.

Remark on the legal reform of the Spanish Intellectual Property law announced by the Ministry of Industry, Trade and Tourism: on October 20, 2021, the Ministry of Industry, Trade and Tourism published the Draft Bill for the amendment of the Trademarks Act 17/2001 of December 7, 2001, the Industrial Designs Act 20/2003 of July 7, 2003, and the Patents Act 24/2015 of July 24, 2015. This draft is in line with the standards set out in the EU Directives on Intellectual Property and the suggested modifications seek to ensure that the regulatory framework in place is consistent with the current social, economic and technological context. A public consultation ran from October 21, 2021 to November 19, 2021. A number of advisory bodies have issued their reports on the Draft Bill.


Statistics (2022) Filed Issued
National patents 1,231 666
Utility models 2,596 2,260
Industrial designs 1,194 1,118
National trademarks 45,227 48,967
Trade names 12,444 11,951
Supplementary protection certificates for medicinal
and plant protection products
63 59