(WIPO code: EC) (last revised May 2021)

by ROMERO ARTETA PONCE, Attorneys-at-Law, Quito – Mr. Gustavo Romero / Ms. Carolina Guerrero

General Information

Area

276,840 sq. km.

Population

17,380,653 (estimated December 2019).

Capital

Quito.

Languages

Spanish (90% of population), Quichua.

Religion

Roman Catholic (95%).

Currency

U.S. dollar (USD).

Imports

Transport equipment, vehicles, machinery, chemicals and petroleum.

Exports

Petrochemicals, fish, timber, petroleum and agricultural products.

General Remarks

Ecuador is in the northwest part of South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean at the Equator, between Colombia and Peru.

The Andean Agreement was adapted as a means to harmonize and take advantage of similar legislation (as well as economic and social policies) of participating countries (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru) in the area of Intellectual Property Law.

Decision 486 of the Cartagena Agreement, entitled Common Industrial Property Regulations, replacing Decision 344, was adopted by Ecuador in September 2000. This Decision regulates patents, trade and service marks in the country.

Published in the Official Register No. 320, Ecuador’s Intellectual Property Law has been in effect since May 19, 1998. This law gives additional intellectual property protection not included in the Andean or Cartagena Agreements. The Intellectual Property Law regulates disloyal competition, undisclosed information, industrial and commercial espionage, abuse of confidence as well as trademarks, patents and copyrights.

The National Congress (Asamblea Nacional) has been impulsing a new Code that will include an entire chapter about IP protection and ancestral knowledge protection; it is called Organic Code of the Social Economy of Knowledge, Creativity and Innovation.

Since December 2016, the Organic Code of the Social Economy of Knowledge, Creativity and Innovation has been in force and it includes an entire chapter about IP protection and ancestral knowledge protection. This Organic Code, known as "Código Ingenios", repealed the Intellectual Property Law, previously in force.