(WIPO code: CA) (last revised January 2024)

by SMART & BIGGAR IP AGENCY CO., Patent and Trademark Agents

General Information


9,984,670 sq. km.


40,528,396 (October 2023).


Ottawa, Ontario.


English, French (both official).


Canadian dollar (CAD); 100 cents = $ 1.00; the Canadian dollar has a value of approximately 0.754 U.S. dollar (January 2024).

Trading partners

Ranked by total trade: the United States of America, the European Union and China.

Primary industries

The gross domestic product at basic prices in October 2023 was $2,207,681 million of chained dollars (2017). Exports of goods from Canada in 2022 totaled $2,087,011 million of chained dollars (2017). Exports of services from Canada in 2022 totaled $517,852 million of chained dollars (2017). Main exports are consumer goods, energy products, metal and non-metallic mineral products, industrial chemicals and plastic products, forestry products, and motor vehicles and parts.

General Remarks

Canada is the largest country in the western hemisphere and second largest in the world. Canada has a federal political system, with ten provincial governments, three territorial governments, and a federal government.


Statistics (2021-2022) Filed Granted
Patents 39,709 19,525
Trademarks 79,808 27,265
Copyright 11,163 11,183
Designs 9,067 6,700