(WIPO code: AU) (last revised March 2021)


General Information


7,741,220 sq. km.


25,466,459 (July 2020 estimate).




English (official).


Australian dollar (AUD); 1 dollar = 0.77 U.S. dollar (January 2021).


(2020 est.) AUD399.2 billion.


(2020 est.) AUD476.6 billion.

Major export goods and services

Iron ores and concentrates, coal, natural gas, education services, gold, personal travel services, beef, aluminium ores and concentrates, crude petroleum and copper ores and concentrates.

General Remarks

Australia is a large island continent with a climate ranging from tropical in the north to temperate in the south. The population, basically of European descent, is located largely on the eastern coast with the larger state capitals of Sydney and Melbourne, each having a population of around 5 million. Around 30% of Australia’s population was born overseas. With people from over 200 countries, Australia has a diverse mix of cultures. The population’s diversity provides a rich variety of indigenous and non-indigenous languages, religions, beliefs, traditions and activities.

Australia is a commonwealth of six sovereign states, New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia, Queensland and Tasmania. Under the Constitution, the states have passed onto the commonwealth certain wide powers, such as income taxation, defense, and international affairs and these powers include patents, copyright, designs and trademarks, so that a single patent, design or trademark covers all states of the Australian territories.

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic since 2020, the Patents, Trademarks and Designs Offices have made available a further three months of extensions of most extendible deadlines, except for some deadlines such as renewal deadlines, upon a declaration that the deadline is unable to be met due to the disruptions caused by COVID-19. The extensions are currently available until January 31, 2021 but will be reviewed from time to time to assess whether they should continue to remain available. Similar extensions have been made available by the Plant Breeder's Rights Office.


Statistics (2019)
Patents 29,758
Trademarks 75,622
Designs 7,476